Recommended Reading

Recommended Reading:

Amazeen, M.A., Thorson, E., Muddiman, A., & Graves, L. (2016). Correcting political and consumer misconceptions: The effectiveness and effects of rating scales versus contextual correction formats. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly. doi:10.1177/1077699016678186

American Library Association, Intellectual Freedom Committee
Subcommittee on the Impact of Media Concentration on Libraries. (2007). Fostering media diversity in libraries: Strategies and actions.

Beard, D. (2018). Its paper closed, one community bounced back–with a librarian in charge. Poynter Institute. Retrieved from

Beard, D. (2018). Tale of 2 polls: What do librarians have that journalists don’t?Poynter Institute. Retrieved from

Beard, D. (2018). Morning Mediawire: The Pulitzer-laden researcher embedded in the Post newsroom. Poynter Institute. Retrieved from

Beck, J. (2017). This Article Won’t Change Your Mind: The facts on why facts alone can’t fight false beliefsThe Atlantic.

Belluz, J. (2017). Doctors have decades of experience fighting “fake news.” Here’s how they win. Vox Media.

Caulfield, M. Hapgood Blog.

Cooke, N. A. (2017) “Posttruth, Truthiness, and Alternative Facts: Information Behavior and Critical Information Consumption for a New Age.” The Library Quarterly, 87 (3), 211-221.

Design Solutions for Fake News. Media ReDesign.

Engber, D. (2018). We’ve been told we’re living in a post-truth age. Don’t believe it. Slate. Retrieved from

Gallup, Inc. (2018). American Views: Trust, Media and Democracy. Knight Foundation. Retrieved from

Graham, L. & Metaxas, P.T. (2003). “Of course it’s true; I saw it on the internet!”: Critical thinking in the internet era.

Head, A. & Hostetler, K. (2017). “Takis Metaxas: Separating Truth from Lies” (email interview). Project Information Literacy, Smart Talk Interview, no. 27.

Head, A. & Wihbey J. (2017). The Importance of Truth Workers in an Era of Factual Recession. Medium.

Hinckley, S. (2016). Why fake news holds such allure. Christian Science Monitor.

Kavanagh, J. & Rich, M. D. (2018). Truth Decay: An initial exploration of the diminishing role of facts and analysis in american public life. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation. Retrieved from

Kramer, M. (2017). Want to bring in younger audiences? Partner with your local library. Poynter Institute.

Lakoff, George. (2004). Don’t think of an elephant!: know your values and frame the debate. Chelsea Green Publishing.

Lazer, D., Baum, M., Grinberg, R., Friedland, L., Joseph, K., Hobbs, W.,&  Mattsson, C. (May 2, 2017). Combating fake news: An agenda for research in action. Harvard Kennedy School, Shorenstein Center. Retrieved from

Lewandowsky, S., et al. (2012). Misinformation and Its Correction: Continued Influence and Successful DebiasingPsychological Science in the Public Interest, 13(3), 106-131. Retrieved from

MediaShift Idea Lab.

Mishra, P., & Jamison, L. (2017). Is It Possible for a Writer to Be Objective? New York Times. and

Mustafaraj, E. & Metaxas, P.T. (2017). The fake news spreading plague: Was it preventable? Proceedings of ACM Web Science Conference.

Nichols. T. (2017). The death of expertise: The campaign against established knowledge and why it matters. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

NiemanLab. Real news about fake news.

Pinboard. Fake News.

Poynter Institute. (2017). Poynter releases new study examining trust in the media.

Reynolds, M. (2017). How to Discern Fake News from Real News. Psychology Today.

Schudson, M. (2017). Here’s what non-fake news looks like. Columbia Journalism Review.

Schulz, K. (2011). On being wrong. TEDTalks.

Soll, J. B., Milkman, K. L. & Payne, J. W. (2015) A User’s Guide to Debiasing, in The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Judgment and Decision Making (eds G. Keren and G. Wu), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118468333.ch33

Spikes, M. (2017). Making sense of the news. Moyers & Company.

Storytellers Without Borders: The Next Generation of Journalists. 

This is what students think about ‘fake news’ and the media. (2017). PBS News Hour.

Vargo, C.J., Guo, L., & Amazeen, M. (2017). The agenda-setting power of fake news: A big data analysis of the online media landscape from 2014 to 2016. New Media and Society. Retrieved from

Wardle, C., & Derakhshan, H. (2017). Information disorder: Toward an interdisciplinary framework for research and policymaking. Harvard Kennedy School, Shorenstein Center. Retrieved from

West, D. M. (2017). How to combat fake news and disinformation. Brookings Institution. Retrieved from

What is news literacy? Center for News Literacy. Stony Brook University School of Journalism.

Verification Handbook.

Wardle, C. (2017). Fake news. It’s complicated. First Draft News.

Wardle, C. & Derakhshan, H. (2017). One year on, we’re still not recognizing the complexity of information disorder online. First Draft News.

Wikipedia:Identifying reliable sources.

Wineburg, Sam and McGrew, Sarah and Breakstone, Joel and Ortega, Teresa. (2016). Evaluating Information: The Cornerstone of Civic Online Reasoning. Stanford Digital Repository. Available at: